ASSEMBLY, No. 3209
STATE OF NEW JERSEY
INTRODUCED SEPTEMBER 23, 2004
Assemblywoman JOAN M. QUIGLEY
District 32 (Bergen and Hudson)
Requires ambulances to be equipped with global positioning system technology.
CURRENT VERSION OF TEXT
An Act requiring ambulances to be equipped with global positioning systems, and supplementing Title 39 of the Revised Statutes.
Be It Enacted by the Senate and General Assembly of the State of New Jersey:
1. The Legislature finds and declares:
a. Establishing special safeguards for all ambulances which are uniquely vulnerable to theft or attack is important for the safety and well-being of the residents of New Jersey.
b. Technological solutions currently exist to provide for the tracking and recovery of hijacked or stolen ambulances.
c. These are exceptionally accurate and precise solutions, known as global positioning systems, which yield position siting within 10 meters 95 percent of the time.
d. Global positioning systems provide law enforcement and transportation professionals with the tools to track and apprehend missing vehicles.
2. As used in this act:
"Global positioning system" means a reporting technology that is monitored by a worldwide network of electronic navigation components in which a vehicle may be identified and tracked via satellite.
"Ambulance" means all private or public emergency vehicles that are used in the transportation of sick or injured persons.
3. a. On and after the effective date of this act, all ambulances registered, or operating, in this State shall be equipped with a global positioning system.
b. The Chief Administrator of the New Jersey Motor Vehicle Commission, in consultation with the Attorney General, shall establish by rule and regulation installation and monitoring requirements for global positioning systems in ambulances.
4. a. The Attorney General, in consultation with the chief administrator, shall establish a system to track ambulances that have been hijacked or stolen.
b. The chief administrator may assess a reasonable fee on the owner of each ambulance registered, or operating, in this State to offset the costs associated with the tracking of stolen or hijacked ambulances. The fee shall not exceed the actual cost of the service.
5. Any person who willfully or negligently violates this act shall be subject to a fine of not less than $2,500 for each violation. For a second or subsequent offense, the violator shall be subject to a fine of not less than $5,000 per violation.
6. Any person who tampers with, removes or vandalizes the global positioning system installed in an ambulance as required by this act is guilty of a disorderly persons offense.
7. The chief administrator shall submit an annual report to the Governor, Legislature and the Attorney General, which shall include the number of ambulances installed with the global positioning systems, the number of ambulances located as a result of the systems and the cost to apprehend these vehicles.
8. The State shall pay the expense of the global positioning system and the installation and thereby appropriates $XXXXXX to the Chief Administrator of the New Jersey Motor Vehicle Commission to effectuate that purpose.
9. This act shall take effect on the first day of the six month after enactment.
This bill requires ambulances to be equipped with global positioning systems. This bill defines a global positioning system as a reporting technology that is monitored by a worldwide network of electronic navigation components in which a vehicle may be identified and tracked via satellite. The Chief Administrator of the New Jersey Motor Vehicle Commission, in consultation with the Attorney General, is to establish installation and tracking requirements for this technology. This bill provides an appropriation to pay for the cost of the global positioning systems and the installation of those systems.
This bill establishes penalties for violators of this act, subjecting them to a fine of not less than $2,500 for a first violation and for second or subsequent violations a fine of not less than $5,000. Additionally, anyone who tampers or removes a system is guilty of a disorderly persons offense and is subject to a fine of $1,000, a term of imprisonment of up to 6 months, or both.
According to the Office of Science and Technology Policy within the U.S. National Security Council, the original global positioning system (GPS) was designed as a dual-use system with the primary purpose of enhancing the effectiveness of U.S. and allied military forces. GPS is rapidly becoming an integral component of the emerging global information infrastructure, with applications ranging from mapping and surveying to international air traffic management and global change research. Vehicle tracking is one of the fastest-growing of those GPS applications. Currently, the systems equip fleet vehicles, public transportation systems, delivery trucks, courier services and much, much more.
The GPS technology would enable law enforcement agencies to track ambulances in the case of theft or hijacking. Currently, there is no technological method to track these vehicles.