[Third Reprint]

ASSEMBLY, No. 2878







Sponsored by:


District 3 (Cumberland, Gloucester and Salem)


District 6 (Burlington and Camden)

Assemblyman  RUBEN J. RAMOS, JR.

District 33 (Hudson)

Assemblyman  HERB CONAWAY, JR.

District 7 (Burlington)

Assemblywoman  MARLENE CARIDE

District 36 (Bergen and Passaic)


Co-Sponsored by:

Assemblywomen Wagner, Sumter, Assemblymen Diegnan, Wimberly, Senators Sweeney, Whelan, O'Toole, Allen, Gordon, Assemblywomen Riley and Lampitt






     Prohibits requirement to disclose user name, password, or other means for accessing account or service through electronic communications device by employers.



     As amended by the Senate on October 4, 2012.


An Act prohibiting the requirement to disclose personal information for certain electronic communications devices by employers.


     Be It Enacted by the Senate and General Assembly of the State of New Jersey:


     1.    For purposes of this act 3[]:3

     “Electronic communications device” means any device that uses electronic signals to create, transmit, and receive information, including a computer, telephone, personal digital assistant, or other similar device.

     “Employer” means an employer or employer’s agent, representative, or designee.  3The term “employer” does not include the Department of Corrections, State Parole Board, county corrections departments, or any State or local law enforcement agency.3

     1“Personal account” means an account, service or profile on a social networking website that is used by a current or prospective employee exclusively for personal communications unrelated to any business purposes of the employer.  This definition shall not apply to any account, service or profile created, maintained, used or accessed by a current or prospective employee for business purposes of the employer or to engage in business related communications.1

     “Social networking website” means an Internet-based service that allows individuals to construct a public or semi-public profile within a bounded system created by the service, create a list of other users with whom they share a connection within the system, and view and navigate their list of connections and those made by others within the system.


     2.    No employer shall:

     a.     Require 2or request2 a current or prospective employee to provide or disclose any user name or password, or in any way provide the employer access to, a personal account 1[or service]1 through an electronic 2[communication] communications2 device; or

     b.    In any way 2[inquire as to whether] require or request that2 a current or prospective employee 2disclose whether the employee2 has 1[an] a personal1 account 1[or profile on a social networking website]1.

     3.    No employer shall require an individual to waive or limit any protection granted under this act as a condition of applying for or receiving an offer of employment. An agreement to waive any right or protection under this act is against the public policy of this State and is void and unenforceable.


     4.    No employer shall retaliate or discriminate against an individual because the individual has done or was about to do any of the following:

     a.     Refuse to provide or disclose any user name or password, or in any way provide access to, a personal account 1[or service]1 through an electronic communications device;

     b.    File a 2[complain] complaint2 under this act;

     c.     Testify, assist, or participate in any investigation, proceeding, or action concerning a violation of this act; or

     d.    Otherwise oppose a violation of this act.


     5.    Upon violation of any provision of this act, an aggrieved person may, in addition to any other available remedy, institute a civil action in a court of competent jurisdiction, within one year from the date of the alleged violation. In response to the action, the court may, as it deems appropriate, order or award any one or more of the following:

     a.     With respect to a prospective employee:

     (1)   injunctive relief;

     (2)   compensatory and consequential damages incurred by the prospective employee as a result of the violation, taking into consideration any failure to hire in connection with the violation; and

     (3)   reasonable attorneys’ fees and court costs.

     b.    With respect to a current or former employee:

     (1)   injunctive relief as it deems appropriate, including reinstatement of the employee to the same position held before the violation or the position the employee would have held but for the violation, as well as the reinstatement of full fringe benefits and seniority rights;

     (2)   compensatory and consequential damages incurred by the employee or former employee as a result of the violation, including compensation for lost wages, benefits and other remuneration; and

     (3)   reasonable attorneys’ fees and court costs.


     6.    An employer who violates any provision of this act shall be subject to a civil penalty in an amount not to exceed $1,000 for the first violation and $2,500 for each subsequent violation, collectible by the Commissioner of Labor and Workforce Development in a summary proceeding pursuant to the “Penalty Enforcement Law of 1999,” P.L.1999, c.274 (C.2A:58-10 et seq.).

     17.   a.  Nothing in this act shall be construed to prevent an employer from complying with the requirements of State or federal statutes, rules or regulations, case law or rules of self-regulatory organizations.

     b.    Nothing in this act shall prevent an employer from implementing and enforcing a policy pertaining to the use of an employer issued electronic communications device.1


     1[7.] 8.1     This act shall take effect 1[immediately] on the first day of the fourth month following enactment1.