LEGISLATIVE FISCAL ESTIMATE

[Second Reprint]

SENATE, No. 1229

STATE OF NEW JERSEY

218th LEGISLATURE

 

DATED: APRIL 16, 2018

 

 

SUMMARY

 

Synopsis:

Increases annual salary of Governor’s cabinet officers, judges, county prosecutors, and certain other public employees.

Type of Impact:

State and County expenditure increase.

Agencies Affected:

Judiciary, all State departments and counties.

 

 

Office of Legislative Services Estimate

Calendar Year

Fiscal Impact

Calendar Year 2018 

Calendar Year 2019 

Calendar Year 2020 

 

State Cost (Mandatory)

$5,282,640

$ 9,885,280

$14,487,920

 

State Cost (Potential)

$  136,000

$  136,000

$136,000

 

County Cost (Maximum)

$  338,000

$  676,000

$1,014,000

 

Total
Costs

$5,756,640

$10,697,280

$15,637,920

 

 

 

 

Office of Legislative Services Estimate

Fiscal Year

Fiscal Impact

Fiscal Year 2018 

Fiscal  Year 2019

Fiscal  Year 2020

 

State Cost (Mandatory)

$0

$ 10,225,280

$12,186,600

 

State Cost (Potential)

$ 0

$  204,000

$  136,000

 

Total
State Costs

$0

$10,429,280

$12,322,600

 

 

 

 

·         The Office of Legislative Services (OLS) estimates that the total impact of this bill, on a calendar year basis (January 1-December 31) is a combined State and county expenditure increase of about $5.8  million in 2018, about $10.7 million in 2019, and about $15.6 million in 2020.  From 2021 through 2025, the impact could increase annually to an indeterminate amount above $15.6 million as a result of the provision tying judicial and prosecutor salaries to changes in the Consumer Price Index not to exceed 2 percent per year.  No salary increases are mandated beyond calendar year 2025.

 

·         Assuming that the Consumer Price Index increases by 2 percent per year, the total impact of this bill on a calendar year basis (January 1-December 31) is a combined State and county expenditure increase of about $18.0 million in 2021, about $20.4 million in 2022, about $22.8 million in 2023, about $25.3 million in 2024 and about $27.8 million in 2025. 

 

·         The OLS notes that the bill provides salary increases beginning on January 1, 2018 with a July 1, 2018 effective date.  Therefore, fiscal year FY 2019 costs include the costs incurred during the last 6 months of FY 2018 (January 1, 2018 – June 30,  2018) plus the full year cost of FY 2019 (July 1, 2018 – June 30, 2019). 

 

·         Converting the bill’s impact on State expenditures only to a fiscal year basis (July 1-June 30), the OLS estimates that the total impact of this bill is a State expenditure increase of about $10.4 million in fiscal year 2019 and about $12.3 million in FY 2020.  The impact will increase to an indeterminate amount in FY 2021 as a result of the provision tying judicial and prosecutor salaries to changes in the Consumer Price Index not to exceed 2 percent per year.

·         Assuming that the Consumer Price Index increases by 2 percent per year, the total impact of this bill on a fiscal year basis (July 1-June 30) is a State expenditure increase of about $15.7 million in FY 2021, about $17.9 million in FY 2022, about $20.2 million in FY 2023, about $22.5 million in FY 2024, about $24.8 million in FY 2025 and $26 million in FY 2026.

 

·         The OLS estimates that the mandatory costs for increased judicial salaries, workers’ compensation judge salaries, administrative law judge salaries, cabinet member salaries and county prosecutor salaries would total about $5.28 million in calendar year 2018, and increase by an additional $4.6 million in calendar year 2019 to a total cost impact of about $9.89 million.  Calendar year costs would increase by another $4.6 million in 2020, for a total three-year cumulative increase of about $14.49 million.  Salary cost increases in 2021 through 2025 are dependent upon the Consumer Price Index (CPI) up to a maximum increase of 2 percent per year.  The maximum cost of increasing the salaries of Legislative executive directors totals $136,000 annually.

 

·         Assuming that the Consumer Price Index increases by 2 percent per year, the total impact of this bill on a calendar year basis  is a State expenditure increase of about $16.7 million in 2021, about $18.9 million in 2022, about $21.2 million in 2023, about $23.5 million in 2024 and about $25.9 million in 2025.

 

·         The maximum annual cost to the counties for increasing certain county positions would total $338,000 in calendar year 2018 increasing to $676,000 in calendar year 2019 and $1.014 million in 2020. Salary cost increases in 2021 through 2025 are dependent upon the Consumer Price Index (CPI) up to a maximum increase of 2 percent per year.

·         Assuming that the Consumer Price Index increases by 2 percent per year, the total impact of this bill is a county expenditure increase of about $1.174 million in calendar year 2021, about $1.337 million in 2022, about $1.503 million in 2023, about $1.672 million in 2024 and about $1.845 million in 2025.

 

·         Salary increases mandated and permitted by this bill will increase State and county contributions to State-administered retirement systems by indeterminate amounts.

 

 

BILL DESCRIPTION

 

      The bill establishes the annual salary for the Governor’s cabinet officers and members of the Board of Public Utilities (BPU) at $175,000 in calendar year 2018 and thereafter. 

      In addition, the bill provides for an $8,000 increase in calendar year 2018, and for an $8,000 increase on January 1 of each of the next subsequent two years, in the annual salaries for the justices of the Supreme Court, Appellate Division judges, Assignment judges, judges of the Superior Court, and judges of the Tax Court. The bill provides for an automatic annual adjustment on the 2020 salaries for calendar year 2021, and on January 1 of each year for four years thereafter, based on the change in the Consumer Price Index.  Such an annual adjustment could in no event be greater than 2 percent.  Under current law, the annual salary for workers’ compensation judges, administrative law judges, surrogates, county clerks, registers of deeds and mortgages, and sheriffs are linked to the annual salary for a Superior Court judge so that they receive the specific or minimum percentage that is set by law, of the Superior Court judges’ salaries.  The statutes that provide for these linked salaries are clearly mandatory in nature and when the salaries of judges are increased, the linked salaries must also be increased, including retroactively. The statutory language must be complied with to achieve the Legislature’s intent.

      The bill increases the annual salary for county prosecutors in the same amounts and in the same manner as the salaries of judges and justices are increased by the bill.  The annual salary is currently $165,000.

      The bill codifies a provision for the annual salary of the executive director of each full time legislative staff operating under the direction of the Senate President, the Speaker of the General Assembly, and the Minority Leaders of each House of the Legislature.  Currently, these salaries are not provided for by statute.  Under the bill, the salary for each executive director will be fixed and established by the President of the Senate or by the Speaker of the General Assembly, as appropriate, in any amount that the President or Speaker determines to be appropriate for that director, but not to exceed $175,000 in calendar year 2018 and thereafter.  While this maximum amount for the annual salary is identical to the amount for the annual salary for the Governor’s cabinet officers and members of the Board of Public Utilities, the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the General Assembly will have complete discretion to set the salaries for the legislative executive directors at any amount that is at or below this maximum, as they deem appropriate.  The President and Speaker require the flexibility to set the annual salary for each executive director at any amount, whether at or below the maximum, irrespective of the salaries of the Executive Branch officers.

      The bill takes effect July 1, 2018.

FISCAL ANALYSIS

 

EXECUTIVE BRANCH

 

      None received.

 

 

OFFICE OF LEGISLATIVE SERVICES

        The OLS estimates that the total impact of this bill, on a calendar year basis (January 1-December 31) is a combined State and county expenditure increase of about $5.8  million in 2018, about $10.7 million in 2019, and about $15.6 million in 2020.  From 2021 through 2025, the impact could increase annually to an indeterminate amount above $15.6 million as a result of the provision tying judicial and prosecutor salaries to changes in the Consumer Price Index not to exceed 2 percent per year.  No salary increases are mandated beyond  calendar year 2025.

        Assuming that the Consumer Price Index increases by a minimum of 2 percent per year, the total impact of this bill on a calendar year basis (January 1-December 31) is a combined State and county expenditure increase of about $18.0  million in 2021, about $20.4 million in 2022, about $22.8 million in 2023, about $25.3 million in 2024 and about $27.8 million in 2025.

        The OLS notes that the bill provides salary increases beginning on January 1, 2018 with a July 1, 2018 effective date.  Therefore, fiscal year FY 2019 costs include the costs incurred during the last 6 months of FY 2018 (January 1, 2018 – June 30,  2018) plus the full year cost of FY 2019 (July 1, 2018 – June 30, 2019).

        Converting the bill’s impact on State expenditures only to a fiscal year basis (July 1-June 30), the OLS estimates that the total impact of this bill is a State expenditure increase of about $10.4 million in fiscal year 2019, and about $12.3 million in FY 2020.  The impact will increase to an indeterminate amount in FY 2021, but to at least $14.5 million and could increase annually thereafter.  The increase in FY 2021 is caused by the annualization of the third annual salary increase, plus the first half-year of any cost of living adjustment.  From FY 2021 through FY 2026, any increases would be due solely to cost of living adjustments up to a maximum of 2 percent per year.

        Assuming that the Consumer Price Index increases by a minimum of 2 percent per year, the total impact of this bill on a fiscal year basis is a State expenditure increase of about $15.7 million in FY 2021, about $17.9 million in FY 2022, about $20.2 million in FY 2023, about $22.5 million in FY 2024, about $24.8 million in FY 2025 and $26 million in FY 2026.

      The bill’s cost impact on State government consists of mandatory costs increases and discretionary cost increases.  Mandatory cost increases comprise judicial salary costs; workers compensation judge and administrative law judge salary increases; executive branch cabinet members; members of the BPU; and county prosecutors’ salary increases, which the state is required by law to fund.  Discretionary cost increases comprise increased maximum salaries for legislative executive director positions.  The OLS estimates these costs, on a fiscal year basis, as follows:


 

FISCAL YEAR STATE EXPENDITURES

MANDATORY COST INCREASES

FISCAL YEAR 2018

FISCAL YEAR 2019

FISCAL YEAR 2020

Judicial Branch salaries

$0

$7,712,000

$9,640,000

Executive Branch judges

$0

$1,157,280

$1,446,600

Executive Branch cabinet and BPU

$0

$1,020,000

$680,000

County Prosecutors salaries

$0

$336,000

$420,000

TOTAL

$0

$10,225,280

$12,186,600

 

Discretionary cost increases

Legislative

$0

$204,000

$136,000

 

 

 

TOTAL Mandatory and Discretionary

$0

$10,429,280

$12,322,600

 

Salary increases mandated and permitted by this bill will increase State and county contribution to State-administered retirement systems by indeterminate amounts.

 

The following tables set forth the details of the bill’s impact by calendar year (January 1 – December 31).

 

Table 1 illustrates those salary increases mandated by the bill and funded by the State.

TABLE 1

MANDATORY INCREASES SPECIFIED BY BILL

 

SALARIES

TOTAL SALARY INCREASE

JUDICIAL BRANCH

Current

2018

2019

2020

#

2018

2019

2020

JUDGES

Supreme Court Chief Justice

$192,795

$200,795

$208,795

$216,795

1

$8,000

$16,000

$24,000

Supreme Court Assoc Justices

$185,842

$193,842

$201,842

$209,842

6

$48,000

$96,000

$144,000

Superior Court Appellate Judges

$175,534

$183,534

$191,534

$199,534

32

$256,000

$512,000

$768,000

Superior Court Assignment Judges

$171,731

$179,731

$187,731

$195,731

15

$120,000

$240,000

$360,000

Superior Court Judges

$165,000

$173,000

$181,000

$189,000

416

$3,328,000

$6,656,000

$9,984,000

Tax Court Judges

$165,000

$173,000

$181,000

$189,000

12

$96,000

$192,000

$288,000

SUBTOTAL

482

$3,856,000

$7,712,000

$11,568,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CABINET

$141,000

$175,000

$175,000

$175,000

15

$510,000

$510,000

$510,000

BOARD OF PUBLIC UTILITIES

$141,000

$175,000

$175,000

$175,000

5

$170,000

$170,000

$170,000

SUBTOTAL

 

 

 

 

20

$680,000

$680,000

$680,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LOCAL INCREASES FUNDED BY STATE

COUNTY PROSECUTORS

$165,000

$173,000

$181,000

$189,000

21

$168,000

$336,000

$504,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL MANDATORY STATE SALARY COST

 

 

21

$4,704,000

$8,728,000

$12,752,000

Table 2 illustrates the salaries of various State officials which are statutorily tied to judicial salaries and would also increase as a result of the bill. The table assumes that all judges other than the chief judges are at the maximum level of pay under current law.

TABLE 2

MANDATORY INCREASES

STATE OFFICIAL SALARIES TIED TO JUDICIAL SALARIES

 

 

 

 

 

 

SALARIES

 

 

 

TOTAL SALARY INCREASE

EXECUTIVE BRANCH

Current

2018

2019

2020

#

2018

2019

2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WORKERS COMPENSATION JUDGES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chief Judge

$146,850

$153,970

$161,090

$168,210

1

$7,120

$14,240

$21,360

Judges

$140,250

$147,050

$153,850

$160,650

39

$265,200

$530,400

$795,600

SUBTOTAL

40

$272,320

$544,640

$816,960

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW JUDGES

Chief Judge

$146,850

$153,970

$161,090

$168,210

1

$7,120

$14,240

$21,360

Judges

$140,250

$147,050

$153,850

$160,650

44

$299,200

$598,400

$897,600

SUBTOTAL

45

$306,320

$612,640

$918,960

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL MANDATORY INCREASE FOR POSITIONS TIED TO JUDICIAL SALARIES

 

$578,640

$1,157,280

$1,735,920

 

      Table 3 summarizes both the salary increases specifically mandated by the bill and those State official salaries which are increased as a result of statutory ties to judicial salaries

TABLE 3

TOTAL MANDATORY SALARY INCREASES

 

 

2018

2019

2020

Total Mandatory State Salary Increases per S1229(2R)

$4,704,000

$8,728,000

$12,752,000

Total Mandatory State Salary Increases per statutory ties to judicial salaries

$578,640

$1,157,280

$1,735,920

TOTAL MANDATORY STATE SALARY COSTS

$5,282,640

$9,885,280

$14,487,920

 

Salary increases from calendar year 2021 through 2025 are unknown as a result of the provision tying judicial and county prosecutor salaries to changes in the Consumer Price Index up to a maximum of 2 percentNo salary increases are mandated beyond calendar year 2025.


 

Table 4 illustrates the maximum salary increases of various State and Legislative officials permitted by the bill.

TABLE 4

SALARY INCREASE GUIDELINES—POTENTIAL INCREASES

 

SALARIES

TOTAL SALARY INCREASE

Current

2018

2019

2020

#

2018

2019

2020

Legislative Executive Directors

$141,000

$175,000

$175,000

$175,000

4

$136,000

$136,000

$136,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table 5 illustrates the minimum salaries that the counties must pay to various county officials upon the bill’s enactment. The minimum salaries of various county officials are tied to the level of judicial salaries.  As a result, if these officials are not already compensated at the levels listed below, these salaries would be increased. 

TABLE 5

COUNTY OFFICIAL SALARIES TIED TO JUDICIAL SALARIES

 

SALARIES

SALARY INCREASE

Current

2018

2019

2020

#

2018

2019

2020

County Surrogate

$107,250

$112,450

$117,650

$122,850

21

$109,200

$218,400

$327,600

County Clerk

$107,250

$112,450

$117,650

$122,850

21

$109,200

$218,400

$327,600

Registers of Deeds & Mortgages

$107,250

$112,450

$117,650

$122,850

2

$10,400

$20,800

$31,200

Sheriff

$107,250

$112,450

$117,650

$122,850

21

$109,200

$218,400

$327,600

TOTAL POTENTIAL COUNTY COSTS

84

$338,000

$676,000

$1,014,000

 

      All estimates assume that all positions affected by the bill are filled at all times.  Because some positions will be vacant some of the time, actual costs will be lower than the OLS estimates, by indeterminate amounts.

      The OLS also notes that there is a potential for indeterminate increase in salary expenses throughout State and county government resulting from an increase in the salaries of deputy commissioners, administrators and employees along with those of the commissioners and other officers.

 

 

Section:

Judiciary

Analyst:

Anne Raughley

Principal Fiscal Analyst

Approved:

Frank W. Haines III

Legislative Budget and Finance Officer

 

 

This fiscal estimate has been prepared pursuant to P.L.1980, c.67 (C.52:13B-6 et seq.).