An Act concerning the windshields and windows of certain motor vehicles and supplementing chapter 3 of Title 39 of the Revised Statutes.
Be It Enacted by the Senate and General Assembly of the State of New Jersey:
C.39:3-75.1 Certain tinting materials on windshields, windows of motor vehicles, permitted for medical reasons.
1. Notwithstanding the provisions of any other law to the contrary, the owner or lessee of a motor vehicle that is driven by or is used to regularly transport a person who has a medical condition involving ophthalmic or dermatologic photosensitivity may apply to the director for permission to have the windshield and windows of that vehicle covered by or treated with a product or material that increases its light reflectance or reduces its light transmittance.
The application shall be in a form and manner prescribed by the director and shall include, but not be limited to, a written certification by a certified ophthalmologist or a physician with a plenary license to practice medicine and surgery in this State or a bordering state that the person for whom the application is submitted has a medical condition involving ophthalmic or dermatologic photosensitivity. For the purposes of this act, medical conditions involving ophthalmic or dermatologic photosensitivity shall include:
a. polymorphous light eruption;
b. persistent light reactivity;
c. actinic reticuloid;
e. solar urticaria;
f. lupus erythematosus; and
g. such other photosensitive disorders or conditions as the director shall determine.
C.39A:3-75.2 Rules, regulations.
2. The director, pursuant to the "Administrative Procedure Act," P.L.1968, c.410 (C.52:14B-1 et seq.), shall promulgate rules and regulations to effectuate the purposes of this act. The rules and regulations shall include, but shall not be limited to:
a. Standards and specifications governing the types of materials and products that may be applied to a motor vehicle windshield and windows under this act. These standards and specifications shall include the color of the materials or products, the maximum allowable percentage of total light reflectance of the materials or products, the maximum allowable percentage of the light transmittance and ultraviolet transmittance of the materials or products, and such other matters as the director shall deem appropriate and necessary. In establishing the standards and specifications, the director shall consider, to the greatest extent possible, the safety of law enforcement officers, who during the performance of their duties may find it necessary to inspect or otherwise observe the interior of a motor vehicle having a windshield and windows to which an approved material or product is applied.
b. The issuance of a certificate or card to each approved applicant authorizing the approved covering or treatment. The certificate or card shall be valid for a period of not more than 48 months and shall be exhibited to any law enforcement officer, when so requested, and to a designated motor vehicle examiner whenever the motor vehicle is inspected.
c. Standards and specifications governing the installation and application of approved materials and products, including the affixation of an appropriate label, in a manner and form prescribed by the director, on each windshield and window to which an approved material or product is applied. The label may identify the name and the location of the installer and the name of the manufacturer of the material or product applied.
d. The registration of persons in the business of installing or applying approved materials and products, including the establishment of a fee to cover the costs of that registration.
C.39:3-75.3 Violations, fines.
3. a. A person who violates the provisions of subsection b. of section 2 of P.L.1999, c.308 (C.39:3-75.2) shall be subject to a fine not exceeding $100; provided, however, if a person charged with such a violation can exhibit a certificate or card which was valid on the day he was charged to the judge of the municipal court before whom he is summoned to answer the charge, the judge may dismiss the charge. The judge, however, may impose court costs.
b. A person who violates the provisions of the regulations adopted pursuant to subsection c. or d. of section 2 of P.L.1999, c.308 (C.39:3-75.2) shall be subject to a fine not to exceed $1,000 for a first offense and not to exceed $5,000 for a second or subsequent offense.
4. This act shall take effect on the first day of the 13th month following enactment, except that section 2 shall take effect immediately.
Approved January 4, 2000.